Socioeconomic Differences in Risk of Migration in Rural and Urban Areas of Northern Sweden during Industrialization, 1900-1950

Samuel Sundvall, UmeƄ University, Department of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies

Urbanization can have a significant impact on the demographic profile of rural regions. Prolonged periods of rural-urban migration can, besides a decrease in overall population, affect population structures such as the composition of age, gender and socioeconomic status. In Sweden the process of industrialization and subsequent urbanization began in the late 19th century, the entailing redistribution of the population have had long term consequences for population development in urban and rural areas respectively. Rural areas in northern Sweden have been particularly affected by out-migration during the last 100 years with a steadily decreasing and ageing population as a result. The aim of this paper is to analyze how the risk of migration differed depending on socioeconomic status in urban and rural areas in northern Sweden during industrialization, 1900-1950. The study is based upon historical population data comprised of digitalized parish registers from the county of Västerbotten. Using event history analysis, out-migrants from rural and urban areas will be compared with regards to socioeconomic status while accounting for age and gender

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 Presented in Session 173. Escaping the Bad? Demographic Consequences and Migration Outcomes